The General’s Death Upsets Iran’s Plan

, who was ’s most hyped , loved himself close to battlegrounds in the . He was never present anywhere near a battle but was always to come after the dust had settled, to take “selfies” and claim the . ( by Mehdi Ghasemi/ISNA/ via )

While analysts and policymakers are busy speculating on ways that ’s ruling mullahs might avenge the killing of their most hyped general, the real question that needs considering be elsewhere.

The question is: what effect Soleimani’s might have on the power struggle that, though currently put on hold, is certain to resume with greater vigor in Tehran.

Tehran’s tries to sell Soleimani as a kind of who, almost single-handedly, brought , , , and parts of and under Iranian control while driving Americans out of the Middle East and crushing ’s so-called Caliphate which tried to rival the Islamic Republic in Tehran. Soleimani himself did a lot to promote that and, doing that, received much from Western, especially American, and Israeli that bought the bundle of goods from Tehran.

, , offer a different portrait of the late general. Soleimani joined the Islamic revolution in 1980, aged 27, at a that the mullahs were busy putting together a praetorian to protect their regime. A few months later, the ragtag that Soleimani had joined was sent to help the remnants of a heavily purged national fight an invading Iraqi force. With over 8,000 officers and NCOs of the national purged by Khomeini, the new regime offered a fast track to like Soleimani who had joined the with no proper training and often little or no . Thus, just three years after he had joined the military, young Soleimani found himself in command of a division of raw recruits. Under his command, Iranian suffered three of their biggest defeats in operations Al-Fajr 8, and Karbala I and Karbala II. Mohsen Reza’i, then of the Revolutionary Guard, describes the three battles as “a string of catastrophes” for Iranian .

However, Soleimani, who was to demonstrate his genius for networking and self-promotion, scored one lasting victory when he attached himself to Ali , the mullah who was to become the Islamic Republic’s “Supreme ”.

Khamenei started as Deputy Defense and rose to become of the Islamic Republic. Soleimani, mocked as “the mullah’s bag-carrier”, was always at his . In the 1990s, as Khamenei slowly built himself as the sole arbiter of Iran’s fate, Soleimani seized the to secure a fiefdom for himself.

That came in the shape of the project to “export” the Iranian Revolution to . Initially, exporting the revolution, mentioned in the regime’s constitution as a sacred duty, had been regarded as a matter of propaganda and organizing sympathizers in Arab through named Hezbollah. The task was handled by a special office in the headed by Ayatollah Hadi Khosroshahian. Partly thanks to lobbying by Soleimani, the task was taken away from the and handed over to the Revolutionary Guard. But even then Soleimani didn’t get the top job, which went to then Col. Ismail Qaani, the man who has succeeded Soleimani as of the Quds Force. Soleimani’s move was to dislodge Qaani and get the top job himself. (Qaani was named as deputy). Even that configuration would not satisfy Soleimani, who had bigger ambitions. As as he was part of the IRGC’s chain of command, he had to obey rules set by superiors whom he despised.

Thanks to Khamenei’s , he succeeded in securing his independent fiefdom in the shape of the Quds Force which, though formally part of the IRGC, has its own separate budget and chain of command and is answerable to no one but Khamenei.

Next, Soleimani seized control of Tehran’s foreign in Arab countries, Afghanistan, , and South and, in some sensitive areas, even . The Islamic Republic’s presidents and foreign ministers have never had tête-à-tête talks with President , as Soleimani had.

It became a matter of routine for Soleimani to appoint Iran’s to , Damascus, , Doha and several other Arab capitals.

A dramatic of Soleimani’s “independence” came when he shipped Syrian despot Bashar to Tehran in a special without even telling the Iranian president, alone the , who were also excluded from the Syrian’s audience with Khamenei.

A control freak, Soleimani insisted on deciding even the smallest details himself. In his one, and now final, , last November, the general talks of how Lebanese Hezbollah chief Nasrallah had to clear every move with him.

Inside Iran, Soleimani built a state within the state. According to the Islamic Customs Office, the Quds Force operates 25 jetties in five of Iran’s biggest ports for its “ and exports” with no intervention by the relevant authorities. A levy on of foreign is reserved for a special fund, controlled by the Quds Force, to cover expenditures in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon and help pro-Iran Palestinian groups.

Soleimani had his own network of lobbyists in many Arab countries and some Western democracies. Hundreds of Iranian and Arab militants have enrolled in Western with scholarships from the Quds Force.

The Quds Force has registered vast tracts of land in its name, claiming the need for future for its personnel. It also runs two dozen and , several lines and an .

Soleimani, who loved making and publishing “selfies” showing himself close to battlegrounds in the Middle East, was never present anywhere near a battle but was always to come after the dust had settled, to take “selfies” and claim the credit.

A master of self-promotion, Soleimani received the rank of -general without having risen through the hierarchy of the top brass like the other 12 on the . (After death, he has been promoted to Lt. General).

Some analysts in Tehran believe that Khamenei was to promote Soleimani further by making him President of the Islamic Republic in 2021. An image-building campaign started last year, as Soleimani was marketed as “the Sufi commander”, a label given to Safavid kings in the 16th century.

A committee of exiled Iranians in also started campaigning to draft Soleimani as president.

If that was Khamenei’s plan, is no doubt that Soleimani’s demise to more uncertainty regarding the future course of Iranian .

Taheri was the -in-chief of the daily Kayhan in Iran from 1972 to 1979. He has worked at or written for innumerable publications, published eleven , and has been a for Asharq Al-Awsat since 1987. He is the of Gatestone .

This was originally published by Asharq al-Awsat and is reprinted by kind permission of the .

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