The far-right movement stokes fears of a great replacement and has branches around the world. After the New Zealand massacre, its under growing scrutiny

James Allsup

n police say that the leader of that countrys Identitarian Movement, Martin Sellner, received a 1,500 donation from someone whose name matched that of the acced Christchurch killer.

The nature of the connection between the alleged killer and Sellner is still being investigated, following a police raid of Sellners home in Vienna on Monday. But what is the Identitarian Movement, and who are the people associated with it?

Identitre Bewegung sterreichs (IB) is part of a larger far-right Identitarian movement with branches in most western an countries, North and New Zealand.

Like the acced killer, on its umbrella site the Identitarian movement stokes fears of a great replacement. The Generation Identity website says this will turn into minorities in our own countries in a few decades.

Organisations that affiliate themselves with Identitarianism include Gnration Identitaire in and Generazione Identitaria in Italy. The n Identity Movement in the (recently renamed from Identity Evropa and banned from Facebook on Thursday) participated in the Charlottesville rally, and recently leaked chat logs showed that their ranks include serving members of the US military. Identity Atralia appears little more than a grouplet for now, and the Dominion Movement in New Zealand claimed on its website to have disbanded in the wake of the mass murder at .

The people who serve as Identitarianisms public faces tend to be over-groomed millennials like Sellner, and the movement explicitly aims to recruit young people. Identitarians often attack multiculturalism and immigration within a framework of intergenerational struggle; in 2012 Gnration Identitaire released an infamo video which made a declaration of war on the 68ers the generation who had been involved in the student revolts of 1968.

The movements thought derives largely from the so-called an New Right or Nouvelle Droite (ND), a largely French movement beginning in the 1960s, which attempted to repackage racist thought in a way which would not alarm ans with fresh memories of interwar fascism.

ND thinkers cribbed concepts from the left to present a obfcated version of blood and soil ethno-nationalism, wherein ans would have exclive possession of their homelands. They also promoted the concept of metapolitics, hoping to effect political change by seeding ideas and achieving cultural dominance. They were also anticapitalist. They share signicant common ground with coat-and-tie white nationalists in the and elsewhere. Political scientists such as Walter Laqueur described the ND as fascist.

Indentitarianism in its modern incarnation began in the early 2000s, when Gnration Identitaire formed as the youth wing of Bloc Identitaire in France. Over the next decade they developed the formula which identitarian groups everywhere still e. Islamophobic provocations such as mosque occupations or pork sage and booze parties in Mlim neighbourhoods were mixed with slick promotional efforts which exploited the emerging, laissez-faire s environment of social .

Sellner has been associated with a dissemination of Identitarianism across Europe and the world, and an escalation in its tactics and PR efforts.

As a teenager, Sellner was involved with n neo-Nazi groups, but has since claimed to have renounced Nazism. In 2012, he founded IB, which opposed itself to liberalism, multiculturalism and Islam, instead adopting the blood-and-soil lite ND concept of ethnopluralism, which held that each should be confined to its ethnic homeland.

They oppose Nato and what they see as imperialism, advocating syncretist third positionist anti-capitalist economics, and an alliance of an states under Rsia.

Like all Identitarians, Sellner claims to be nonviolent, but his tactics have embd confrontation, provocation and menace. In 2016 IB members stormed a stage in an n university where a play was being performed by refugee actors, waving a banner doed with fake blood.

In 2017 Sellner raised $100,000 to sail a ship into the Mediterranean so that migrants from Africa to could be intercepted and returned. This mission, carried out in the company of Sellners fiancee, Brittany Pettibone, and white nationalist YouTube star Lauren Southern, ended in ignominio failure. A year ago, the three of them went to the English town of Luton and insulted Mlims with provocative slogans for that effort they were banned from the country.

And in 2018, n authorities attempted to prosecute Sellner and other IB activists on charges of hate speech and forming a criminal organisation. They were found not guilty in July.

In the last year, Sellner has spent time in the , Pettibones home country, and recorded podcasts on Identitarianism with James Allsup, the Charlottesville marcher who was elected as a party official in the Republican party in Washington state.

The racist fear of a great replacement is front and centre in the alleged shooters manesto, but is also expressed across the Identitarian movement. may well lead to a greater scrutiny of Identitarianism around the world.

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